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JPII and St. Nicholas

Monday, January 9, 2017

Wojtyla's Comradeship + Friendship

Love and Responsibility goes into great depth about the difference between Comradeship and Friendship; so much so, that I think Comradeship deserves its own formula as does Karol Wojtyla[1]!  He emphasizes the objective qualifiers[2] in Comradeship as prerequisites for friendship.  In other words, somewhat like sympathy, comradeship is a great aid to friendship.  I would attempt to formulate it like this, with explanation to follow:

ᵾ Work or ᵾ Company + ᴲ individual’s role at work or company → ᵾ public ᴲ identity with both ᴲ role & ᵾ Company  

Wojtyla’s argument for the value in comradery is that it fosters community; it essentially brings the existential into the universal.  While not sacramental, like a marriage involving the friendship between a man and a woman, comradeship does allow for a kind of stewardship of family in the broader environment of neighborhood and city, etc.  Simply put, it brings people together for a common purpose akin to solidarity.

In other sections of Love and Responsibility, he calls the process of fostering community “integrating”[3] the exclusive love between man and woman into the broader network of relationships.  He even warns that if a couple fails to integrate; their own relationship may not succeed.  In terms of comradery then, it can determine the success or failure of a friendship.

Seen side by side, the two formulas (friendship and comradeship) look like this.  *Please note, sympathy as defined by Wojtyla simply means "shared life together":

 ᴲ Sympathy→ Conformity of Wills- ᵾ -( ᴲ Trust & ᴲ Sympathy, ᴲ Forgiveness & ᵾ Reconciliation) → ᴲ Virtue of Hope ᵾ (ᴲ Trust & ᴲ Sympathy) = Friendship

ᵾ Work or ᵾ Company + ᴲ individual’s role at work or company → ᵾ public ᴲ identity with both ᴲ role & ᵾ Company = Comradeship

Integrated together, I would say they look like this (where “Comradeship” respresents its own formula in the form of just the single word) :

ᴲ Sympathy→ Conformity of Wills- ᵾ -( Comradeship ᵾ, ᴲ Trust & ᴲ Sympathy, ᴲ Forgiveness & ᵾ Reconciliation) → ᴲ Virtue of Hope ᵾ (ᴲ Trust & ᴲ Sympathy) = Friendship

I added “Comradeship” to the “Conformity of Wills” section of the Friendship formula on account of it being integral to function of community.  Even St. Paul refers to the “proper functioning of each part” of the Body of Christ, and if certain parts compete or are envious of each other, then functioning is disintegrated. 



[1] Wojtyla, Karol.  Love and Responsibility.  “From Sympathy to Friendship”. P. 94  Ignatius: San Francisco, 1993
[2] Ibid
[3] Wojtyla, Karol.  Love and Responsibility.  “The Problem of Integrating Love”. P. 114-118  Ignatius: San Francisco, 1993
Fr. John Nepil has a thorough article on the quality of certain friendships: pleasant or true, according to Aristotle and the process of either making beer or scotch.  I found it interesting in that the chief distinguisher between a true friendship and a pleasant one is reconciliation.  In other words, true friendship—like the intense process of making scotch (chemical change and transformation after distilling) —requires painful and transforming demands of forgiveness and reconciliation.  His approach adds wholly new (ᴲ) existential and (ᵾ) universal qualifiers to my formula for friendship derived from Karol Wojtyla:

ᴲ Sympathy→ Conformity of Wills- ᵾ -(ᴲ Trust & ᴲ Sympathy, ᴲ Forgiveness & ᵾ Reconciliation) → ᴲ Virtue of Hope ᵾ (ᴲ Trust & ᴲ Sympathy)

Tuesday, December 20, 2016

1994, St. Dominic of Silos' Chant and JPII

It is hard to believe that in 1994 when the Benedictine Monks of Santo Domingo de Silos released an album of Gregorian chant, my little league baseball coach played it for us.  He was a former bull-pen catcher for the Boston Red Sox and truly reached heroic status for our team (hitting homers from both sides of the plate @ 350 yards!).  When he started playing chant though, we were a bit skeptical...until we started hearing it everywhere.  St. John Paul II had been Pope for nearly 16 years!

I still love this chant, and had memorized the whole album by the time I was 12.

St. Dominic de Silos, ora pro nobis! (memorial 12/20) 

Thursday, November 17, 2016

Thatcher and JPII

Recorded history attests to a cross-continental alliance between Margaret Thatcher and Pope John Paul II.  After all, she celebrated the fall of the Berlin Wall: but to her dismay, the Euro, the Maastricht treaty (EU) and political integration followed.  Recent events with Brexit, however, may prove to be her last laugh!

Margaret Thatcher was raised in the Methodist tradition in rural England.  John O’Sullivan calls her, “the incarnation of provincial Methodist virtues—a very simple person, not riven by doubt about essentials, and decisive for that reason.” (ibid)  She was decisive about a few principles that appear in the Pope’s Centesimus Annus: subsidiarity and moral free-market capitalism.  These two Catholic social teachings unconsciously informed her worldview, although she may have called them simply “Euro-skepticism”.  As I mentioned, the EU formed soon after Thatcher’s resignation, but her legacy continues even to the present day, as seen in the British patriotism of Daniel Hannan .   

But for a British Prime Minister to align herself with the Bishop of Rome in the Cold War is truly an irony of history as well.  Certainly Elizabeth the 1st would not have made such an alliance.  Yet, Thatcher and the Pope were not necessarily aligned afterward as best indicated by the dispute over the Falklands.  The Pope openly opposed her aggression in that regard.  For this and other reasons of sheer stubbornness, she was known as the “Iron Lady Thatcher”.

Friday, October 14, 2016

The "Banker" turned Undertaker St. Callistus

Along the lines of St. Matthew and T.S. Eliot, Today’s St. Callistus the 1st was a repentant banker.  Early on in his life, he squandered the entrusted funds of widows in Rome. 

Sent to the mines to do hard labor, Callistus later encountered the mercy of Christ in his exile and was released on account of his own confession of faith.  As proof of his repentance, he took charge of a cemetery in Rome, which was posthumously named the Catacombs of St. Callistus. 

JPII says of the place:

«I am conscious of the important historical and spiritual significance of these monuments» John Paul II said in a recent address to the Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archaeology. «By visiting these monuments, one comes into contact with the evocative traces of early Christianity, and one can, so to speak, tangibly sense the faith that motivated these ancient Christian communities... How can we fail to be moved by the humble but eloquent traces of these first witnesses to the faith?». Then considering the goals of the Year 2000, the Pope concluded: «Today attention is focused on the historic event of the Great Jubilee, when the Roman catacombs will again become a favourite place of prayer and pilgrimage... Together with the great Roman basilicas, the catacombs should be a necessary destination for the Holy Year pilgrims».[1]       

From squandering money at the bank for widows to his conversion as an undertaker, St. Callistus could have been remembered merely for the events of his early life.  But he actually was elected Pope in the 3rd Century AD!  Then he was martyred in Rome, not far from where he had been a banker years before.

[1] http://www.vatican.va//jubilee_2000/magazine/documents/ju_mag_01091997_p-70_en.html#top

Monday, October 10, 2016

Santa Maria

Coming from Columbus, Ohio I have always admired Christopher Columbus.  There is a beautiful replica of his flagship, Santa Maria, in my hometown and I have boarded it many times for tours, etc.  The Knights of Columbus are named after the Explorer of course and JPII was a staunch advocate of theirs, including in his native Poland.

Rather than try to defend Columbus or the Knights, who are easily defended in the faith, I was impressed a few years ago to see Apocalypto.  This is the story of a native of the new world who was captured and nearly subjected to human sacrifice.  He then escaped, and after finding his family well, views in the distant a ship much like the Santa Maria. 

The question is, were the natives of the New World better off without the Conquistadors like Columbus?  Were they better off with human sacrifice and slavery by dominant tribes?